System of assessment of students during the college
Generally in most advanced schooling institutions across the world, they normally use a system that is four-point evaluating students’ knowledge, skills and abilities: “excellent”, “good”, “satisfactory” and “unsatisfactory”.
Knowing the meaning of points
The assessment “excellent” deserves a student who may have found comprehensive, systematic and knowledge that is deep the capability to separately perform the tasks supplied by this system, familiar with the primary and extra literature, suggested by this program. Such an assessment also requires the mastering for the relationship between your basic ideas of discipline and their significance for the acquired occupation.
The evaluation “good” puts the pupil who has got learned the educational and system material in complete, successfully fulfills this program’s tasks, worked out the literature that is main by this program. That is, students that has shown the systematic nature of control knowledge and is effective at self-replenishment and updating in the act of further educational work and expert task.
The grades “satisfactory” deserve a student that has discovered the data regarding the basic academic material to the level required for further training and future work with a career, capable of performing the tasks given to because of the system, acquainted with the primary literature recommended by this program. Being a guideline, this assessment is presented to pupils who possess made flaws within the reply to the exam plus in the performance of this exam projects, but have demonstrated the capacity to eliminate them.
The assessment is “unsatisfactory” for the student who’s got familiarity with gaps which has resulted in fundamental mistakes into the utilization of the tasks given to because of the system, this is certainly, students that is not able to carry on education or start professional activities after graduation without extra trained in the discipline that is relevant.
Shortcomings of four-point evaluation system and score system
A four-way system for assessing pupils’ knowledge, skills and abilities requires significant improvement or replacement. Its main disadvantages are: inadequate inspiration for the perseverance of academic and cognitive task, given that it centers around obtaining at the least knowledge (“made up” – “did not make up”); made for the reproduction of knowledge and thinking (in sessional conditions, quickly accumulated information quickly “weathered”); subjectivity within the evaluation of pupil’s knowledge; inconsistency aided by the college system, which students used as former pupils, etc.
The rating system of evaluation, which is based on the accumulation of grades for a certain period of study (module, semester, year, whole term of training) for a comprehensive educational and cognitive activity, is becoming increasingly popular along with the four-point traditional system of evaluation of students’ knowledge. The sum these assessments serves as an indicator that is quantitative of quality of educational and cognitive activity associated with student in comparison to the successes of his fellow students.
The score system for assessing pupils’ knowledge, abilities and abilities is dependant on the principles that are following
- each discipline that is academic the student’s focus on its mastering is evaluated into the credit units, the total amount of which will be based on the rating;
- the record associated with the pupil’s present work needs to be kept, which can be reflected into the last assessment (in the devices of credits);
- the peculiarities of teaching different topics (complexity, importance of control within the curriculum) are taken into consideration, that is, the complexity factor (significance);
- option of various kinds of control (outgoing, present, intermediate, final);
The pupil score for the semester or year is described as the arithmetic that is average of score for every single discipline.
To implement a rating system for evaluating pupils’ knowledge, certain conditions are essential: the readiness of instructors and pupils to perceive them; appropriate organizational and methodological support, in particular, independent work of students is obligatory; introduction of modular training; work accounting by means of unique tables; application of written verification of real information, etc.